The first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana dates back to the 11th century.
Numerous kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which the most powerful was the Kingdom of Ashanti.
It became independent of the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957.
Five percent of the population practices traditional faiths, 71.2% adhere to Christianity and 17.6% are Muslim.
Ghana is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy with a parliamentary multi-party system and former alternating military occupation.Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km², Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south.Ghana means "Warrior King" in the Soninke language.Its diverse geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical jungles.Ghana is a democratic country led by a president who is both head of state and head of the government.