However, they are still widely present, especially in Yangon and Mandalay and are used extensively for blogging and other activities. The internet access for home use in other towns except Yangon and Mandalay is only ADSL, provided by MPT. For ADSL, MPT's fixed-line phone (new installation) price is 325,000 Myanmar Kyat (US0 estimated) in 2017.
MPT's ADSL Initial Setup Fee is 50,000 Myanmar Kyat (US estimated) without a CPE.
As significant as they are, the impact of these reforms may be less than expected considering only 0.3 percent of Burma's population has Web access, outside of Burma's largest city, Yangon, few can read English.
Laws regulating the Internet include the Computer Science Development Law (1996), the Wide Area Network Order (2002), and the Electronic Transactions Law (2004), while the Printers and Publishers Registration Act (1962) regulates the media.
Annual Fee is 50,000 Myanmar Kyat (US estimated), and Monthly fee for 512kbit/s (lowest bandwidth) is 17,000 Myanmar Kyat (US estimated) and fee for 2.5Mbit/s (highest bandwidth) is 80,000 Myanmar Kyat (US estimated). For details: Myanmar has a very low Internet penetration rate due to government restrictions on pricing and deliberate lack of facilities and infrastructure.
According to World Internet Stats statistics as of June 2012, the country had over 534,930 Internet users (1.0% of the population) with the vast majority of the users hailing from the two largest cities, Yangon and Mandalay.
March 2011 saw the end of formal military rule in the country, with reformist Thein Sein becoming the country’s first civilian president in half a century.
While by-elections held in April 2012 included numerous reports of fraud, the opposition National League for Democracy, including leader and Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, won seats after contesting their first elections since 1991.
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Cybercafes were required by law to keep records on their customers’ activities and provide police access to the records upon request.
However, many cafes do not systematically enforce such monitoring, often assisting their users in circumventing censorship instead.
However, expression in online environments such as comment features where posters can remain anonymous remains relatively free.
While these laws are still in place, authorities have promised to adopt a media law that will put an end to censorship in 2012 and they then expect to revise or repeal the Electronic Act and emergency rule.